Elizabeths Situation als regierende Frau wurde durch den ideellen Kontext weiblicher Herrschaftsausübung und die konkreten Bedingungen bestimmt, die sich. Elizabeth entwickelte aus Elementen des weiblichen Definitionsmusters und dem zeitgenössischen Herrschaftsideal das Bild eines weiblichen Souveräns, das. Elisabeth I., englisch Elizabeth I, eigentlich Elizabeth Tudor, auch bekannt unter den Namen The Virgin Queen, The Maiden Queen („Die jungfräuliche Königin“),.
Elizabeth (Film)Elizabeth entwickelte aus Elementen des weiblichen Definitionsmusters und dem zeitgenössischen Herrschaftsideal das Bild eines weiblichen Souveräns, das. Elizabeths Situation als regierende Frau wurde durch den ideellen Kontext weiblicher Herrschaftsausübung und die konkreten Bedingungen bestimmt, die sich. Glitteringly detailed and engagingly written, the magisterial Elizabeth I brings to vivid life the golden age of sixteenth-century England and the uniquely.
Elizabeth 1 Navigation menu VideoThe Dark Rivalry Between Elizabeth I and Bloody Mary - Tale Of Two Sisters With Foxy Games
It was only after this time that Elizabeth was finally able to return to Hatfield. Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester is wrongly depicted as having been a co-conspirator in the plot against Elizabeth.
In fact, he remained one of Elizabeth's closest friends until his death in , long after their romantic relationship had ended.
The movie portrays Elizabeth as being ignorant of the fact that Dudley is married; it is her discovery of this fact that contributes to the breakdown of their relationship.
In reality, Elizabeth was fully aware of Dudley's marriage to his first wife Amy Robsart , who lived in isolation in the country suffering from breast cancer.
Robsart died from a fall down the stairs in , two years into Elizabeth's reign, the fact of which is never mentioned in the film. In the film, England is forced to send young and untrained soldiers, including children, to fight in Scotland against the French Queen Regent Mary of Guise - whom is said to be plotting to invade England - because the Catholic bishops spoke in the pulpits against raising a professional army.
In truth, Mary of Guise was not planning on invading England, but was crushing a Protestant revolt amongst the Scots.
Elizabeth had also had all the English Catholic bishops thrown in prison before the conflict even began, and the English actually did send professional soldiers to fight in Scotland.
They were defeated in battle not because they were untrained children sabotaged by traitorous Catholic clergy, but because they were simply out-played by the French.
Mary of Guise was not assassinated by Walsingham, but died naturally from edema on 11 June William Cecil, Baron Burghley was portrayed by the year-old Richard Attenborough in the film, but the real Lord Burghley was only 37 years old when Elizabeth was crowned, thirteen years older than her.
He remained her chief advisor and was Lord High Treasurer from until his death in In fact, he was given this title two years after this in The film portrays Kat Ashley , head lady-in-waiting to the Queen, as being the same age as Elizabeth, but in reality, at the time of Elizabeth's coronation, Kat Ashley was around 57 years old and died six years later in Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk was not a cold and calculating power-hungry mastermind, but a gullible co-conspirator in a couple of assassination plots.
The first was the Northern Uprising, which alone was enough to get him jailed for nine months in the Tower of London, before Elizabeth released him to house arrest.
The second, the Ridolfi plot , was a plot to assassinate Elizabeth, place Mary, Queen of Scots on the English throne, and have her marry Norfolk.
Norfolk was beheaded for his role in this plot as he had been bankrolling the conspirators. Bishop Stephen Gardiner died in , before Elizabeth came to the throne and thus could not possibly have been involved in the Ridolfi plot.
However, Mary sensed the danger from her younger sister, and imprisoned her in the Tower. The story, possibly apocryphal, of Elizabeth's entry into the Tower is an interesting one.
She was deathly pun intended afraid of the Tower, probably thinking of her mother's fate in that place, and when she was told she would be entering through Traitor's Gate, she refused to move.
She had been secreted to the Tower in the dark so as not to raise the sympathy of supporters. That night was cold and rainy, and the Princess Elizabeth sat, soaking wet, on the stairs from the river to the gate.
After her governess finally persuaded Elizabeth to enter, she did so and became yet another famous prisoner of the Tower of London.
Elizabeth was released from the Tower after a few months of imprisonment and was sent to Woodstock where she stayed for just under a year.
When it appeared that Mary had become pregnant, Elizabeth was no longer seen as a significant threat and the Queen let her return to her residence at Hatfield , under semi- house arrest.
Mary Tudor was nearly 40 years old when the news of her "pregnancy" came. Elizabeth's reign supported the creation of works by such greats as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe.
Writers paid tribute to the queen in many literary forms. The poet Edmund Spenser based his character of Gloriana in The Faerie Queen on Elizabeth, and she was sometimes referred to by this name.
Portraiture was the reigning form of painting at the time, and artists honored Elizabeth by painting her portrait. These images reveal that Elizabeth was an early fashionista in many ways.
She loved jewelry and beautiful clothing; her garments were often made with gold and silver. With the help of makeup, Elizabeth cultivated a dramatically pale look.
Mary was raised Catholic and was considered by many English Catholics to be the rightful monarch of England. The daughter of King James V of Scotland, Mary Stuart united her country with France in when she married the future King Francis II.
After Francis' death, Mary returned to Scotland in Elizabeth jailed her cousin in in connection with several assassination attempts, including the Babington Plot.
Elizabeth kept Mary imprisoned for nearly 20 years before she had her cousin executed in DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S QUEEN ELIZABETH I FACT CARD.
Troubled times marked the final years of Elizabeth's reign. The country suffered from failed crops, unemployment and inflation. The date of her accession was a national holiday for two hundred years.
James VI of Scotland was Elizabeth's successor and became James I of England. St James's Palace was built by Henry VIII on the site of the Hospital of St.
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Elizabeth I , bynames the Virgin Queen and Good Queen Bess , born September 7, , Greenwich , near London, England—died March 24, , Richmond, Surrey , queen of England — during a period, often called the Elizabethan Age, when England asserted itself vigorously as a major European power in politics, commerce, and the arts.
Suspicious that her half-sister would try to seize power, Mary placed Elizabeth under what amounted to constant surveillance, even jailing her in the Tower of London for a short period of time.
Upon assuming the throne, Queen Elizabeth I restored England to Protestantism. This broke with the policy of her predecessor and half-sister, Queen Mary I , a Catholic monarch who ruthlessly tried to eliminate Protestantism from English society.
Elizabeth undertook her own campaign to suppress Catholicism in England, although hers was more moderate and less bloody than the one enacted by Mary.
Her religious policies, such as the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Uniformity, went a lot further to consolidate the power of the church under her and to regularize the practice of the faith.
Queen Elizabeth I was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. When Elizabeth was three years old, Henry had Anne beheaded and their marriage declared invalid, thus rendering Elizabeth an illegitimate child and removing her from the line of succession to which Parliament would later restore her.
When Elizabeth was crowned monarch in , her lack of a husband and heir became one of the defining issues for the remainder of her rule.
As the end of her life approached, she forestalled the successional crisis that might otherwise have arisen by designating King James VI of Scotland as the next in line to the throne.
Elisabetta ridusse anche l'influenza spagnola sull'Inghilterra. L'imposizione dei costumi inglesi e le politiche religiose della regina furono ampiamente impopolari tra gli irlandesi.
Un gruppo di lord scozzesi protestanti alleati di Elisabetta deposero Maria di Guisa e, posti sotto pressione dagli Inglesi, i rappresentanti di Maria firmarono il Trattato di Edimburgo , in base a cui le truppe francesi dovevano essere ritirate dalla Scozia.
Sebbene Maria rifiutasse di ratificare il trattato, esso ottenne l'effetto desiderato e la minaccia francese fu allontanata dall'Inghilterra.
Questo aiuto aveva il fine di trovare sostegno tra i protestanti francesi per poi rivendicare il trono di Francia. Nel , allarmato per la malattia quasi fatale della regina, il Parlamento chiese che si sposasse o che nominasse un erede per evitare una guerra civile alla sua morte.
Durante il regno di Elisabetta furono prese in considerazione diverse linee di successione. Una possibile era quella di Margherita Tudor , la sorella maggiore di Enrico VIII: erede in quel caso sarebbe stata Maria Stuarda ; una linea alternativa era quella di Maria Tudor , la sorella minore di Enrico VIII: l'erede in tal caso sarebbe stata lady Catherine Grey ; un altro possibile successore era Henry Hastings, conte di Huntingdon, che poteva invocare la sua discendenza da Edoardo III.
Tutti e tre i possibili eredi presentavano problemi: Maria era cattolica, Catherine Grey si era sposata senza il consenso della regina e il puritano Huntingdon non voleva la corona.
Maria Stuarda, nel frattempo, aveva i suoi problemi in Scozia. Elisabetta fu di nuovo costretta a prendere in considerazione un successore scozzese, nonostante la situazione confusa del paese.
Riconsegnarla agli scozzesi era ritenuto un gesto troppo crudele, mandarla in Francia avrebbe significato mettere nelle mani del re francese una potente arma; reinsediarla con la forza sul trono di Scozia poteva essere un gesto eroico, ma avrebbe causato un conflitto troppo aspro con gli Scozzesi; imprigionarla in Inghilterra le avrebbe permesso di partecipare a complotti contro lei stessa.
Filippo II prese parte, sebbene con riluttanza, ad alcune cospirazioni per deporre Elisabetta. Il duca di Norfolk fu coinvolto nel primo di questi complotti, il complotto Ridolfi , nel Nel William Cecil fu innalzato alla potente posizione di Lord Gran Tesoriere ; il suo posto alla Segreteria di Stato fu preso dal capo della rete di spionaggio di Elisabetta, Francis Walsingham.
Sempre nel Elisabetta strinse un'alleanza con la Francia. Manchester University Press. Drama and the Succession to the Crown — Oxford University Press.
Subscription or UK public library membership required. The Puritan Earl: The Life of Henry Hastings, Third Earl of Huntingdon — Elizabeth I: Ruler and Legend.
University of Illinois Press. Retrieved 17 July Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy. Scarecrow Press. Published by: Cambridge University Press.
Breaking the Silence on the Succession: A sourcebook of manuscripts and rare texts, c. Tudors: The History of England. Pan Macmillan. The Later Tudors: England, — Constitutional History of the UK.
Cavendish Publishing. Classical Humanism and Republicanism in English Political Thought, — Cambridge University Press.
Spenser's Legal Language: Law and Poetry in Early Modern England. DS Brewer. Bucholz; Robert O. Bucholz; Joseph P. Ward 9 July London: A Social and Cultural History, — The Life of Sir Walter Ralegh: Together with His Letters: Now First Collected.