Leonard „Lenny“ Bernstein (ˈbɜːrnstaɪn; geboren als Louis Bernstein am August in Lawrence, Massachusetts; gestorben am Oktober in. Der Erfolg seiner "West Side Story" hat ihn irgendwann genervt. Denn Bernstein war viel mehr: ein begnadeter Pianist, ein Dirigent mit wildem. Christa Ludwig, Mezzo-Soprano; Walter Berry, Bass-Baritone; Leonard Bernstein, Piano Sony April 24, Recorded in New York City at 30th Street Studio.
Leonard BernsteinDer Erfolg seiner "West Side Story" hat ihn irgendwann genervt. Denn Bernstein war viel mehr: ein begnadeter Pianist, ein Dirigent mit wildem. August , einen Tag, nachdem er seine Serenade vollendet hatte, notierte Leonard Bernstein: “Für diese Serenade gibt es kein literarisches Programm, trotz. leonard bernstein kinder.
Leonhard Bernstein Menu de navigation VideoGeorge Gershwin - Rhapsody in Blue - Leonard Bernstein, New York Philharmonic (1976) Leonard Bernstein wird geboren Eine amerikanische Erfolgsstory Über Nacht wurde Leonard Bernstein zum Star, als er kurzfristig für den erkrankten Bruno Walter bei den New Yorker Philharmoniker einsprang. Und genau so haben wir es dann auch gemacht! Bleiben wird Bernstein, der Komponist. Es Wahlwerbespot 2021 ein sehr populäres Stück und zugleich kompositorisch Interstellar Movie2k raffiniert gemacht.
Another strong musical influence was George Gershwin. Bernstein was a counselor at a summer camp when news came over the radio of Gershwin's death.
In the mess hall, a shaken Bernstein demanded a moment of silence, and then played Gershwin's second Prelude as a memorial.
On March 30, , Bernstein played Brahms's Rhapsody in G Minor at his first public piano performance in Susan Williams's studio recital at the New England Conservatory.
Two years later, he made his solo debut with orchestra in Grieg's Piano Concerto in A Minor with the Boston Public School Orchestra.
Bernstein's first two education environments were both public schools: the William Lloyd Garrison School , followed by the prestigious Boston Latin School , for which Bernstein and classmate Lawrence F.
Ebb wrote the Class Song. In , Bernstein enrolled at Harvard University , where he studied music with, among others, Edward Burlingame Hill and Walter Piston.
He majored in music with a final year thesis entitled "The Absorption of Race Elements into American Music" ; reproduced in his book Findings.
One of Bernstein's intellectual influences at Harvard was the aesthetics Professor David Prall , whose multidisciplinary outlook on the arts inspired Bernstein for the rest of his life.
One of his friends at Harvard was future philosopher Donald Davidson , with whom Bernstein played piano duets.
Bernstein wrote and conducted the musical score for the production Davidson mounted of Aristophanes ' play The Birds , performed in the original Greek.
Bernstein recycled some of this music in future works. While a student, he was briefly an accompanist for the Harvard Glee Club as well as an unpaid pianist for Harvard Film Society's silent film presentations.
Bernstein mounted a student production of The Cradle Will Rock , directing its action from the piano as the composer Marc Blitzstein had done at the infamous premiere.
Blitzstein, who attended the performance, subsequently became a close friend and mentor to Bernstein. As a sophomore at Harvard, Bernstein met the conductor Dimitri Mitropoulos.
Mitropoulos's charisma and power as a musician were major influences on Bernstein's eventual decision to become a conductor.
Bernstein met Aaron Copland on the latter's birthday in ; the elder composer was sitting next to Bernstein at a dance recital at Town Hall in New York City.
Copland invited Bernstein to his birthday party afterwards, where Bernstein impressed the guests by playing Copland's challenging Piano Variations , a work Bernstein loved.
Although he was never a formal student of Copland's, Bernstein would regularly seek his advice, often citing him as "his only real composition teacher".
After graduating from Harvard with a B. In , Bernstein attended the inaugural year of the Tanglewood Music Center then called the Berkshire Music Center at the Boston Symphony Orchestra 's summer home.
Bernstein returned to Tanglewood nearly every summer for the rest of his life to teach and conduct the young music students.
After he left Curtis, Bernstein moved to New York City. He shared an apartment with his friend Adolph Green , and often accompanied Green, Betty Comden , and Judy Holliday in a comedy troupe called The Revuers who performed in Greenwich Village.
He taught piano to local children he thought had talent, and took jobs with a music publisher, transcribing music or producing arrangements under the pseudonym Lenny Amber Bernstein means " Amber " in German.
Before the concert Bernstein briefly spoke to Walter, who discussed particular difficulties in the works he was to perform. The next day, The New York Times carried the story on its front page and remarked in an editorial, "It's a good American success story.
The warm, friendly triumph of it filled Carnegie Hall and spread far over the air waves. From to , Bernstein was the Music Director of the New York City Symphony, which had been founded the previous year by the conductor Leopold Stokowski.
The orchestra with support from Mayor Fiorello La Guardia had modern programs and affordable tickets. In , Bernstein discussed the possibility of acting in a film with Greta Garbo —playing Tchaikovsky opposite her starring role as the composer's patron Nadezhda von Meck.
In , he conducted opera professionally for the first time at Tanglewood with the American premiere of Benjamin Britten 's Peter Grimes , which was commissioned by Koussevitzky.
That same year, Arturo Toscanini invited Bernstein to guest conduct two concerts with the NBC Symphony Orchestra , one of which also featured Bernstein as soloist in Ravel 's Piano Concerto in G.
In addition to becoming known as a conductor, Bernstein also emerged as a composer in the same period. In January , he conducted the premiere of his Jeremiah Symphony in Pittsburgh with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra.
His score to the ballet Fancy Free choreographed by Jerome Robbins commissioned by American Ballet Theatre in New York in April , which was later developed into the musical On the Town with lyrics by Comden and Green that opened on Broadway in December In , he made his overseas debut with the Czech Philharmonic in Prague.
He also recorded Ravel's Piano Concerto in G as soloist and conductor with the Philharmonia Orchestra. On July 4, , Bernstein conducted the European premiere of Fancy Free with the Ballet Theatre at the Royal Opera House in London.
In , Bernstein conducted in Tel Aviv for the first time, beginning a lifelong association with the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra , then known as the Palestine Symphony Orchestra.
The next year he conducted an open-air concert for Israeli troops at Beersheba in the middle of the desert during the Arab-Israeli war. In , he conducted the inaugural concert of the Mann Auditorium in Tel Aviv.
In , he conducted a concert on Mount Scopus to commemorate the Reunification of Jerusalem , featuring Mahler's Symphony No.
During the s, Bernstein recorded his symphonies and other works with the Israel Philharmonic on Deutsche Grammophon. The city of Tel Aviv added his name to the Orchestra Plaza in the center of the city.
On December 10, , he made his first television appearance as conductor with the Boston Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall. The concert, which also included an address by Eleanor Roosevelt , celebrated the one-year anniversary of the United Nations General Assembly's ratification of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights , and included the premiere of Aaron Copland 's "Preamble" with Sir Laurence Olivier narrating text from the UN Charter.
The concert was televised by NBC Television Network. In April , Bernstein performed as piano soloist in the world premiere of his Symphony No.
Part of the rehearsal for the concert was recorded and released by the orchestra. When Koussevitzky died in , Bernstein became head of the orchestra and conducting departments at Tanglewood.
In , Bernstein composed incidental music for the Broadway play Peter Pan  starring Jean Arthur as Peter Pan , Boris Karloff in the dual roles of George Darling and Captain Hook , and Marcia Henderson as Wendy.
Throughout his career, Bernstein often talked about the music of Charles Ives , who died in In , Bernstein conducted the New York Philharmonic in the world premiere of Ives' Symphony No.
The composer, old and frail, was unable some reports say unwilling to attend the concert, but his wife did.
Ives reportedly listened to a broadcast of it on a radio in his kitchen some days later. Bernstein was a visiting music professor from to at Brandeis University , and he founded the Creative Arts Festival there in The festival was renamed after him in , becoming the Leonard Bernstein Festival of the Creative Arts.
In he was the first American conductor to appear at La Scala in Milan, conducting Maria Callas in Cherubini's Medea directed by Luchino Visconti.
This opera had been virtually abandoned by performers, and he learned it in a week. In , he wrote the music for Wonderful Town on very short notice, working again with Comden and Green, who wrote the lyrics.
It won five Tony Awards , including Best Musical. In Bernstein presented the first of his television lectures for the CBS arts program Omnibus.
The live lecture, entitled "Beethoven's Fifth Symphony", involved Bernstein explaining the symphony's first movement with the aid of musicians from the "Symphony of the Air" formerly NBC Symphony Orchestra.
The program featured manuscripts from Beethoven's own hand and a giant page of the score covering the floor. Nine more Omnibus lectures followed from to later on ABC and then NBC covering jazz, conducting, American musical comedy, modern music, J.
Bach, and grand opera. Bernstein was named the music director of the New York Philharmonic in , replacing Dimitri Mitropoulos.
He began his tenure in that position in , having held the post jointly with Mitropoulos from to In , Bernstein and Mitropoulos took the New York Philharmonic on tour to South America.
In his first season in sole charge, Bernstein included a season-long survey of American classical music. Bernstein held the music directorship until with a sabbatical in although he continued to conduct and make recordings with the orchestra for the rest of his life and was appointed "laureate conductor".
He became a well-known figure in the United States through his series of fifty-three televised Young People's Concerts for CBS , which grew out of his Omnibus programs.
His first Young People's Concert was televised a few weeks after his tenure began as principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic. He became as famous for his educational work in those concerts as for his conducting.
The Bernstein Young People's Concerts were the first and probably the most influential series of music appreciation programs ever produced on television, and they were highly acclaimed by critics.
All of them were released on DVD by Kultur Video half of them in Around the time he was appointed music director of the New York Philharmonic, and living opposite Carnegie Hall at The Osborne ,  Bernstein composed the music for two shows.
The first was for the operetta Candide , which was first performed in with a libretto by Lillian Hellman based on Voltaire 's novella.
The second was Bernstein's collaboration with the choreographer Jerome Robbins , the writer Arthur Laurents , and the lyricist Stephen Sondheim to produce the musical West Side Story.
The first three had worked on it intermittently since Robbins first suggested the idea in Finally, with the addition of Sondheim to the team and a period of concentrated effort, it received its Broadway premiere in and has since proven to be Bernstein's most popular and enduring score.
In , he took the New York Philharmonic on a tour of Europe and the Soviet Union, portions of which were filmed by CBS Television.
A highlight of the tour was Bernstein's performance of Dmitri Shostakovich 's Fifth Symphony , in the presence of the composer, who came on stage at the end to congratulate Bernstein and the musicians.
In October, when Bernstein and the orchestra returned to the U. He recorded it for a second time with the orchestra on tour in Japan in Bernstein seems to have limited himself to only conducting certain Shostakovich symphonies, namely the numbers 1, 5, 6, 7, 9, and He made two recordings of Shostakovich's Leningrad Symphony No.
In Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic held a Mahler Festival to mark the centenary of the composer's birth. Bernstein, Walter and Mitropoulos conducted performances.
The composer's widow, Alma , attended some of Bernstein's rehearsals. In Bernstein also made his first commercial recording of a Mahler symphony the Fourth and over the next seven years he made the first complete cycle of recordings of all nine of Mahler's completed symphonies.
All featured the New York Philharmonic except the 8th Symphony which was recorded with the London Symphony Orchestra following a concert in the Royal Albert Hall in London in The success of these recordings, along with Bernstein's concert performances and television talks, was an important, if not vital, part of the revival of interest in Mahler in the s, especially in the U.
Bernstein claimed that he identified with the works on a personal level, and once said of the composer: [He] showered a rain of beauty on this world that has not been equaled since.
Other non-U. Bernstein eventually recorded a complete cycle in New York of Sibelius's symphonies and three of Nielsen's symphonies Nos.
He also recorded Nielsen's 3rd Symphony with the Royal Danish Orchestra after a critically acclaimed public performance in Denmark.
Bernstein championed American composers, especially those that he was close to like Aaron Copland , William Schuman and David Diamond.
For Columbia Records, he also started to record his own compositions more extensively. This included his three symphonies, his ballets, and the Symphonic Dances from West Side Story with the New York Philharmonic.
He also conducted an LP of his musical On The Town , the first almost complete recording of the original featuring several members of the original Broadway cast, including Betty Comden and Adolph Green.
Los Angeles Times. Bernstein, a biography. Nova York: Beech Tree Books. Site oficial de Leonard Bernstein. Sony Classical. Consultado em 15 de janeiro de Leonard Bernstein.
American Public Media. Consultado em 17 de janeiro de New York Times. Felicia Montealegre. Jamie Bernstein, Alexander Bernstein. Harvard University , Curtis Institute of Music.
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Letters, Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Wiener Philharmoniker.
Symfoni , klassisk musikk , opera. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts di Washington , nel settembre Alla Scala nel venne rappresentata invece l'opera A Quiet Place and Trouble in Tahiti.
Nel diresse due esecuzioni storiche di Ludwig van Beethoven , la Sinfonia n. Il medley propone anche la sua canzone New York, New York , tratta dal suo musical On The Town del da non confondere con la famosissima " Theme from New York, New York " di Kander e Ebb , portata al successo da Liza Minnelli.
Le composizioni di Bernstein includono opere per il teatro balletti, musical, colonne sonore, opere , tra cui spicca il celebre musical West Side Story ; composizioni per orchestra, tra cui tre sinfonie e quattro suite ; musica sacra e da camera; musica vocale e per pianoforte solo.
La composizione dura circa mezz'ora. Commissionato dalla Fondazione Koussevitzky il lavoro fu dedicato a Serge e Natalie Koussevitzky ed fu diretto dallo stesso Bernstein il 12 settembre , a La Fenice Venezia , con l'Israel Philharmonic Orchestra e il violinista Isaac Stern.
Fu anche registrato per la prima volta da Stern e Bernstein per la Columbia Records il 19 aprile , a New York City, con la Symphony of the Air.
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Mai spielte der jüdisch-amerikanische Dirigent mit 20 Holocaust -Überlebenden und Sein erstes Konzert in Berlin dirigierte er im Rahmen der Berliner Festwochen im Jahr Bei einer sechswöchigen Tournee des New York Philharmonic Orchestra durch 13 Länder leitete der US-amerikanische Dirigent auf dem Höhepunkt des Kalten Krieges auch Konzerte in der Sowjetunion sowie in Frankreich , Norwegen , Italien und Deutschland.
Oktober dirigierte Bernstein zum ersten Mal in Berlin und leitete unter anderem die Ouvertüre Le carnaval romain von Berlioz sowie das Klavierkonzert Nr.
Januar vereinbarte Bernstein mit der deutschen Filmproduktionsfirma Unitel , dass diese nahezu alle zukünftigen Dirigate von Leonard Bernstein aufnehmen sollte.
Im Jahr leitete Bernstein das Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks und dirigierte Wagners Tristan und Isolde in Münchens Herkulessaal ; Gesangssolisten waren unter anderem Hildegard Behrens und Peter Hoffmann.
Bernstein hielt Tristan und Isolde für ein zentrales Werk der Musikgeschichte und fügte hinzu, dass er viel Zeit seines Lebens damit verbracht habe, dieses auf Deutsch zu lesen und sich mit ihm auseinanderzusetzen.
Die Aufnahmen des Musikdramas wurden im Januar, Mai und November jeweils separat als Konzerte aufgenommen und direkt im Fernsehen ausgestrahlt sowie später als Audioaufnahme bei Philips veröffentlicht.
Karl Böhm , der als einer der bekanntesten Wagnerkenner galt und selbst Tristan und Isolde dirigiert hatte, meinte zu Bernsteins deutlich langsamerer Interpretation des Dramas, dass dieses so gespielt worden sei, als ob es Wagner dirigiert hätte.
Ebenfalls vertonte Bernstein einen Text von Günter Kunert für eine Olympische Hymne anlässlich eines Kongresses des Internationalen Olympischen Komitees IOC in Baden-Baden.
Bernsteins Hymne eröffnete den Kongress am September mit dem Baden-Baden Jugendchor und dem Sinfonieorchester des Südwestfunks Baden-Baden.
Dirigiert wurde die Hymne von David Shallon. Damit wollte er jungen, talentierten Nachwuchsmusikern die Möglichkeit geben, von international anerkannten Künstlern zu lernen.
Als eine seiner letzten Produktionen dirigierte Leonard Bernstein am Dezember auf eine spontane Einladung von Justus Frantz hin in Berlin Beethovens 9.
Sinfonie in der Philharmonie und im Konzerthaus , damals noch Schauspielhaus genannt. Das Konzerthaus, das im Zweiten Weltkrieg nahezu komplett zerstört und später aufwändig wiederhergestellt worden war, lag nur wenige hundert Meter von der ehemaligen Grenze am Checkpoint Charlie entfernt.
Damit machte er aus der Ode an die Freude eine Ode an die Freiheit. In der Rundfunkbearbeitung und Regie von Marcel Prawy mit dem Orchester und Chor des ORF unter der musikalischen Leitung von Samuel Krachmalnick lasen unter anderem die Burgschauspieler Blanche Aubry und Heinrich Schweiger Voltaires Novelle ; es sangen Mimi Coertse und Rudolf Christ.